The cows are moved daily (from mid-May until mid-December) fertilizing the fields as they graze across 200+ acres of perennial pasture. This improves soil fertility and allows the grass to regenerate before it’s grazed again.
We use the herd to manage fertility, as best as we can. Where fertility is still lacking, we experiment with applications of organic materials, such as compost, sawdust, elemental sulfur, etc.
At B&B Farms, 90% of our pastures are perennials. Within our perennial pastures, we hope to maintain a dozen or more varieties of legumes, grasses, and forbs to keep the biome happy and the soil alive.
Where diversity is lacking, we frost seed or no-till drill additional plant species to avoid disturbing the soil with tillage. Ten percent of our pasture is designated for summer annuals, those 20 acres are tilled when necessary.
We keep our herd healthy by keeping them outdoors, with plenty of room to graze. Our animals are never confined. They have trees and terrain for natural windbreaks and access to a barn in the coldest of months. They have fresh pasture in the spring to keep them out of the mud during calving.
If you have read this far and are still curious, mark your calendars for our Annual Fall Farm Tour, the last Saturday in September. Still curious? Watch this 6-minute video to learn more!